๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ท Planning a Trip to Puerto Rico: 11 Practical Things To Know

A woman standing in the ocean while looking out some cliffs.

Puerto Rico, an archipelago in the Caribbean, receives 5 million tourists every year. Visitors can enjoy beautiful beaches, hike the only tropical rainforest in the United States, and see one of the few bioluminescent bays in the world.

In this Puerto Rico travel guide, I share firsthand, must-know travel tips that are especially useful for first-time visitors.

Disclosure: Lists By Lukiih is readers-supported. If you buy through an affiliate link on this post, I may earn a small commission. Thanks!

1. Best Places To Visit in Puerto Rico

Puerto Rico has great places to visit ranging from historic cities with colorful architecture to islands boasting some of the best beaches in the world.

Below are the best places to visit in Puerto Rico and the top things to see and do in each one.

A first-time trip to this Caribbean island typically includes a visit to at least one of these areas.

Best City: San Juan

The capital city of San Juan is the largest metropolitan area in Puerto Rico and offers beaches, nightlife, historic architecture, and local cuisine.

San Juan has several notable neighborhoods, but the most visited one is the charming district of Old San Juan. The district’s best attractions include:

  • Castillo San Felipe del Morro, a historic fortification and one of the country’s top landmarks
  • Paseo de la Princesa, a promenade with coastal views
  • La Fortaleza, an iconic and historic structure

With its narrow streets, a great way to explore Old San Juan is on foot. If you want to learn about its historical hidden gems, consider taking a walking guided tour.

A narrow street with multi-color buildings.
Streets of Old San Juan.

Old San Juan is also known for its lively nightlife. Unlike the United States’s legal age, the legal drinking age in Puerto Rico is 18 years old.

๐Ÿ€ My Take on Old San Juan

I spent two days in Old San Juan and my favorite three things there were seeing the spectacular expansive park surrounding El Morro fort, aimlessly wandering around the colorful streets both during the day and at night, and eating local Puerto Rican food.

Due to Old San Juan’s popularity and proximity to the San Juan airport, you should expect long lines at top restaurants on the weekends. Deaverdura, my favorite restaurant that served traditional dishes, had a 45-minute wait on a Saturday night.

A big grass area with an old castle in the distance.
San Juan National Historic Site.

Natural Treasure: El Yunque Rainforest

El Yunque National Forest is the United State’s only tropical rainforest, offering a unique opportunity to visit a lush ecosystem within the states.

The rainforest has amazing biodiversity and has survived several major hurricanes, including Hurricane Maria in 2017.

While El Yunque is not considered a massive rainforest, it still offers many things for nature lovers and outdoor enthusiasts. Visitors can:

  • Hike through one of El Yunque’s dozen trails that vary in difficulty
  • Birdwatch and try to catch the famous Puerto Rican parrot
  • Chase waterfalls and swim in their watering holes
  • Zipline over the scenic rainforest

El Yunque is roughly an hour’s drive away from San Juan, making it a great day trip from the city. Many of the trails are accessible, so you can visit them without a tour guide. But if you need transportation, you can hire a local guide.

Two women standing at the top of a lush green moutain.
Summit of El Yunque National Forest.

๐Ÿ€ My Take on El Yunque

I spent a half day hiking a moderate trail to the top of El Yunque. The summit involves a fun rock scramble with a rope, and you’re rewarded with beautiful views of the surrounding area. Consider hiking harder trails if you want to minimize the crowd.

A popular place to stop after El Yunque is the town of Luquillo, which has over 80 food trucks and vendors. The town is next to the popular Luquillo beach where you can cool down after your rainforest visit.

A woman climbing up a rock while holding a rope tied to the rocks.
Rock scramble in El Yunque.

Best Island: Vieques

Excluding the main island, Vieques is Puerto Rico’s largest and most popular island. It’s located a 40-minute ferry ride from the Ceiba Ferry Terminal on the east coast of the main island.

The second most popular island is a small island called Culebra, which is a 30-minute ferry ride from Vieques. It’s home to Flamenco Beach, one of the most beautiful beaches in the world.

A woman standing in the ocean while looking out some cliffs.
Playa Negra in Vieques.

Vieques is most famous for Mosquito Bay, one of the brightest bioluminescent bays in the world, giving visitors a unique and jaw-dropping experience. It’s also famous for its many beautiful pristine beaches.

You can visit Mosquito Bay on your own. I booked a bioluminescent bay tour because it requires considerably more planning to do it on your own (e.g., the road to the bay is extremely dark and bumpy, you’ll need to rent a kayak, etc.)

An amusing characteristic of Vieques is the large number of free-roaming horses. Many visitors think they are wild horses, but most belong to a local who lets them roam freely.

๐Ÿ€ My Take on Vieques

The bioluminescent bay of Mosquito Bay is one of the most surreal experiences I’ve had while traveling. It’s difficult to describe how dreamlike it is to watch the water light up as you paddle through the bay at night.

I also enjoyed Vieques’s unique and less crowded beaches. Playa Negra required a short, but interesting hike to get to (three horses blocked the trail for some time when I was there) and Playa Caracas was stunning with its crescent shape.

See how to efficiently plan a Puerto Rico itinerary.

A crescent-shaped white sand beach.
Playa Caracas in Vieques.

Other Top Places in Puerto Rico

The three places mentioned above are usually regarded as Puerto Rico’s best places to travel to. Other notable places include the following:

  • Ponce, called the “Pearl of the South”, is a southern coast city that’s known for its architectural gems and numerous museums. It’s also the gateway to an uninhabited island called Caja de Muertos, which boasts crystal-clear waters.
  • Rincรณn is the west coast area of Puerto Rico, and its laid-back beach atmosphere is a great place for surfers and those looking for a relaxing beach vacation.

2. When To Visit Puerto Rico

Puerto Rico is a tropical island with warm temperatures year-round.

โ˜€๏ธ Best Time To Visit Puerto Rico

The best and most popular time to visit Puerto Rico is during its dry season, which is also its high season. The dry months are December to April.

โ›…๏ธ Puerto Rico’s Seasons

The weather varies by region, but Puerto Rico is largely characterized by two seasons:

โ˜€๏ธ Dry SeasonDec-Apr– Less rainfall
– Sunnier days
– More pleasant temperatures
๐ŸŒง๏ธ Rainy SeasonMay-Nov– More rainfall
– Higher humidity
– Temperature tends to remain above 70 ยฐF
Puerto Rico’s Twp Seasons

Here are some things to keep in mind about the seasons and climate in Puerto Rico:

  • While the dry season is the more popular time to visit Puerto Rico, the island also has a second peak season during the summer months of July and August.
  • The peak hurricane season in Puerto Rico is in August and September. It’s a good idea to check weather reports if you’re planning to visit during those two months as tropical storms can be common.

๐Ÿ€ My Puerto Rico Weather Experience

I traveled to Puerto Rico in February during the dry season. During my trip, I experienced daily sunny weather where I was constantly in a bathing suit or short sleeves.

I wore athletic leggings during my hike in El Yunque and wished I had worn shorts instead.

Two women taking a selfie at a beach during a sunny day.
Sunny day in Puerto Rico.

3. How Long To Spend in Puerto Rico

Puerto Rico is a large enough island that you can spend more than two weeks exploring it.

๐Ÿ—“๏ธ Ideal Number of Days in Puerto Rico

If this is your first time visiting Puerto Rico, you should spend at least four to five days visiting it. This will give you enough time to visit some of its top attractions.

  • With three days in Puerto Rico, you’ll have enough time to explore San Juan and do a day trip to El Yunque.

See how to spend four days in Puerto Rico.

  • With five days to one week in Puerto Rico, you’ll have time to visit two to three areas (typically the capital city and an island).
  • With more than a week in Puerto Rico, you’ll get to visit more than three areas and also have the opportunity to visit the west and/or southern parts of the island.

๐Ÿ€ How Long I Stayed in Puerto Rico

During my Puerto Rico trip, I was able to spend four days exploring three areas: Old San Juan and other nearby neighborhoods, El Yunque rainforest, and Vieques. I strongly recommend budgeting at least three days to make the trip worthwhile.

A woman sitting and looking out at the ocean.
Old San Juan ocean view.

4. Entry Requirements for Puerto Rico

The entry requirement for Puerto Rico is the same as the United States.

๐Ÿ›ƒ Puerto Rico’s Visa Requirements

Since Puerto Rico is an unincorporated territory of the United States, a visa is not required for US citizens visiting it.

If you’re a citizen from another country, you’re required to get a US visa to enter Puerto Rico.

โœˆ๏ธ Puerto Rico’s Passport Requirements

For the same reason as above, you do not need your United States passport to enter Puerto Rico. Like the rest of the US, people born on the island are considered American citizens.

Starting in May 2025, you will be required to have a REAL ID to enter Puerto Rico if you’re a US citizen.

5. Budgeting and Cash in Puerto Rico

Here’s what to know about budgeting for and using cash in Puerto Rico.

๐Ÿ’ฐ Expected Budget in Puerto Rico

Puerto Rico is considered to be a semi-expensive island to visit in the Caribbean. It’s affordable compared to other popular United States destinations like Hawaii, but on average, it’s more expensive than other destinations like the Dominican Republic and Jamaica.

  • Budget travelers can expect to spend about $80 per day.
  • Mid-range budget travelers, such as myself, can expect to spend approximately $300 per day in Puerto Rico.

๐Ÿ’ต Puerto Rico’s Currency

Since Puerto Rico is a US territory, its official currency is the US dollar.

๐Ÿง Cash Needed in Puerto Rico

Like the US, Puerto Rico has a good credit card infrastructure, so you’ll rarely be in a situation where you need cash.

Places that are cash-only are usually roadside fruit and juice stalls, small restaurants, and beach parking.

๐Ÿ€ My Puerto Rico Trip’s Budget

I share all my travel expenses in this Puerto Rico budget breakdown.

A woman holding two coconuts with straws sticking out.
Cash-only coconut juice stand in Puerto Rico.

6. How To Get Around in Puerto Rico

Like much of the United States, the best way to get around Puerto Rico is by car, as there is no reliable public transportation.

If you don’t get a rental car, you’ll need to rely on tour transportation or taxis, which can get expensive.

โœˆ๏ธ Puerto Rico’s International Airports

Puerto Rico has three international airports:

Luis Muรฑoz Marรญn International Airport (SJU)San JuanNorth
Rafael Hernรกndez International Airport (BQN)AguadillaNorthwest
Mercedita International Airport (AIM)PonceSouth
Puerto Rico’s International Airports

The main and largest airport is the San Juan Airport.

๐Ÿš— Renting a Car in Puerto Rico

Renting a car in Puerto Rico will provide you with the most flexibility to get around the island. A rental car will set you back about $45 per day, not including gas.

๐Ÿš™ Calling an Uber or Taxi in Puerto Rico

Taxi and Uber are the second most used transportation by tourists in Puerto Rico. While they’re widely available in San Juan, I found that getting one in Vieques required more upfront planning.

๐ŸšŒ Riding the Bus in Puerto Rico

Puerto Rico has a limited bus system that’s primarily used by locals. If you don’t mind the inconvenience and primarily staying in the San Juan area, the bus is the best option if you want to travel on a tight budget.

โ›ด๏ธ Taking a Ferry in Puerto Rico

The main island of Puerto Rico is surrounded by over 100 smaller islands (the two most popular ones are Vieques and Culebra). To get to these islands, you’ll have to go to the island’s nearest terminal and take a ferry from there.

๐Ÿ€ How I Got Around Puerto Rico

Since I wanted to be independent while exploring different areas of Puerto Rico, I rented a car during my trip.

When I went to Vieques, I left the car parked at the Ceiba Ferry Terminal and took a ferry to the island. On the island, I relied on taxis and tour transportation to get around.

A sunset hovering above the ocean.
Sunset at the ferry terminal on Vieques Island.

7. How To Stay Safe in Puerto Rico

Here are some things to know about Puerto Rico’s safety level, scams, tap water, and mosquitoes.

โš ๏ธ How Safe is Puerto Rico?

Like many other Caribbean islands, Puerto Rico is considered to be a safe place to visit as long as you stay in tourist-friendly areas. Like other developed places, the most common crimes against tourists in Puerto Rico are related to petty theft (e.g., pickpocketing, purse snatching) and are nonviolent.

๐Ÿš• Common Scams in Puerto Rico

These are some common scams to watch out for as a tourist in Puerto Rico:

  • The unofficial guide scam involves a local pretending to be a tourist guide when in reality they’re being paid to take you to specific businesses. Make sure to book tours through verified sources such as Viator to avoid this scam.
  • The taxi scam involves a driver charging the incorrect amount by not turning on the meter, insisting they gave you the correct change when they didn’t, or overcharging you. Make sure to hail a licensed taxi.
  • The rental car scam involves a company charging you for existing damages. Make sure to get recommendations for rental companies from a trusted source and thoroughly inspect a rental before driving it.

๐Ÿ’ง Is Tap Water Safe To Drink in Puerto Rico?

Tap water in Puerto Rico is safe to drink per the CDC and WHO. Puerto Rico follows the same water cleanliness standards as the United States.

However, you’ll notice that locals have mixed feelings about their tap water, so if you’re worried, check the most up-to-date news on tap water safety in Puerto Rico.

๐ŸฆŸ Does Puerto Rico Have Mosquitoes?

Puerto Rico is a tropical island, so mosquitoes are prevalent year-round, but are less common during the dry season. Mosquitoes there can spread dengue fever and Zika per the CDC.

๐Ÿ€ My Safety Tips for Puerto Rico

I traveled with three other women and we had no safety-related issues, but we also only visited tourist areas.

Drinking tap water in Puerto Rico gave me no issues. I also used my mosquito repellent lotion, which was especially helpful when visiting El Yunque.

A lush rainforest with palm trees.
Lush El Yunque rainforest with mosquitoes.

8. Language Barrier in Puerto Rico

Puerto Rico has two official languages.

๐Ÿ—ฃ๏ธ Puerto Rico’s Official Language

English and Spanish are Puerto Rico’s official languages. Spanish is the dominant national language with 95% of Puerto Ricans speaking it fluently. In comparison, only about 50% of the population speaks English fluently.

While Puerto Rico’s official language includes English, the primary language of communication on the island is Spanish. Some Spanish words to know while in Puerto Rico are:

๐Ÿ€ Traveling Puerto Rico With Just English

Puerto Rico receives millions of tourists every year, so I had no issues getting around the island with just English. If you visit more local areas, you might face more of a language barrier, so knowing some Spanish will help in those situations.

9. Puerto Rican Food To Try

Puerto Rican cuisine is known for its use of spices and bold flavors. While you can find many restaurants that serve familiar American foods in Puerto Rico, don’t forget to try some traditional dishes as well.

Here are some amazing foods to try in Puerto Rico:

  • Mofongo is a Puerto Rican dish that’s made with smashed plantains. It can be served with different proteins, and it was easily one of the best things I ate on the island.
A plate of food with smashed plaintain.
Mafongo in Luquillo, Puerto Rico.
  • Arroz con gandules is a rice dish that has pigeon peas and pork. This is considered one of Puerto Rico’s national dishes.
  • Lechรณn asado is a slow-roasted, marinated pork that’s often cooked in a box over an open flame. It’s characterized by tender meat with crispy skin.
  • Piรฑa colada, a drink with coconut cream, pineapple juice, and white rum, is one of Puerto Rico’s most famous culinary inventions. Make sure that they’re using real coconut when you’re ordering one.

Bacardi is one of the most famous distilleries in Puerto Rico. If you’re into cocktails with rums, they offer highly-rated mixology classes.

๐Ÿ€ My Experience With Puerto Rico’s Cuisine

As someone who loves bean and rice dishes, I thoroughly enjoyed almost all Puerto Rican traditional dishes that I tried.

I traveled with two vegetarians during my trip and noticed that food options were limited for them. If you’re a vegetarian, be prepared to eat a lot of carbs and beans, or be flexible with eating fish.

10. Cultural Differences in Puerto Rico

Puerto Rico’s culture has been influenced by various countries over the past century. Although the culture of the indigenous Taino people remains, Puerto Rican culture has also been influenced by Africa, Spain, Cuba, America as well as several other places.

๐Ÿ‘‹๐Ÿป Proper Etiquette in Puerto Rico

Given the above, you should not expect Puerto Rican culture to be the same as American culture. Here are some proper etiquette to know when visiting:

  • Puerto Rico runs on “island time“. While punctuality can be expected for some tours, it’s not the most valued thing on the island.
  • Although you may not experience this as a tourist, you will see that Puerto Ricans have a warm greeting style where people typically hug and kiss each other’s cheek.
  • Puerto Ricans take pride in their hospitality and ensure their guests feel welcome. This sentiment can extend to settings like restaurants and hotels, so you may feel that locals are warmer or that they may take more time with customers.
  • Appearances matter, especially in more metro areas, and can be seen as indications of social standings. When going out, try to dress accordingly.

๐Ÿ€ My Experience With Puerto Rico’s Culture

The most noticeable cultural difference I noticed as an American when visiting Puerto Rico was the lack of concern for time.

Many of my restaurant meals easily went past an hour, and waiting time estimates were rarely accurate. At one delicious restaurant in Vieques, my dinner lasted two hours and the waiters didn’t seem rushed despite having several customers waiting in line.

11. Puerto Rico Itinerary

If it’s your first time visiting Puerto Rico, make sure to plan a trip that’s longer than four days or more. Four days is the minimum amount of time you’ll need to see the island’s best places and attractions.

This four-day Puerto Rico itinerary shows how to efficiently plan a trip that includes all the best places: Old San Juan, El Yunque, and Vieques.

Puerto Rico at a Glance

Below is a quick summary of important information when planning your trip to Puerto Rico.

Trip Planning Basics for Puerto Rico

๐Ÿ“ Popular Places: Old San Juan, El Yunque, Vieques, Culebra, Ponce, Rincรณn

๐Ÿ—“๏ธ How Long To Visit: At least three days and ideally five days

โ˜€๏ธ Best Time To Visit: Dry season (December to April)

๐Ÿ›ƒ Tourist Visa: Not required for US citizens

๐Ÿ’ฌ Language: Spanish and English

๐ŸŒŽ Time Zone: Atlantic Standard Time (see Puerto Rico’s current time)

Money Basics in Puerto Rico

๐Ÿ’ฐ Currency: The US dollar

๐Ÿ’ณ Credit Cards: Widely accepted

๐Ÿง Cash: Make sure to bring some cash for fruit stands, small shops, etc

๐Ÿ’ต Tipping Etiquette: 10-20% tip is customary and expected

Safety Basics in Puerto Rico

โš ๏ธ Crime: Safe country to visit;

๐Ÿ’ง Tap Water: Safe to drink

๐ŸฆŸ Mosquitoes: Can spread dengue virus and Zika; bring bug spray

Packing Basics for Puerto Rico

๐Ÿ”Œ Outlet Type: Same as the United States, so you might not need a power plug adapter

๐ŸŒ Wi-Fi: Somewhat widely available. Get a SIM card or international plan for mobile data.

My Google Fi’s international plan worked extremely well during my Puerto Rico trip. You can get a $20 credit when you use my Google Fi referral code.

๐Ÿ  Booking Resources: Booking.com for lowest accommodation rates, Viator for great tour experiences

If you have any questions or thoughts, feel free to leave a comment below.

๐Ÿง‹ This site is run entirely by me, Lukiih. I spend hours researching each destination to ensure its accuracy. If you find my tips helpful, say thanks by buying me bubble tea!

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